I finally decided to get hardwood flooring in my home about a month ago, yet I was not sure about the best ways to protect it and keep it clean. The following is a great “how to” article from Hosking Hardwood Flooring that will give you some great tips on keeping your floors beautiful for many years to come.
Oil finished wood flooring offers a beautifully elegant patina and coloring so rich you can almost taste it.
A hardwood floor with an oiled finish is much different than your standard aluminum oxide finished wood floor. Whereas an aluminum oxide finish will sit on top of the actual wood, creating a barrier between you and the wood, an oil finish will soak into the wood, making the wood surface itself tougher. It’s important to keep in mind that either type of finish, aluminum oxide or oil, is not going to prevent indentations or scratches if the floor is abused – wood is a natural, porous material and not indestructible.
The major benefit of going with an oiled floor over a standard aluminum oxide finish is that spot repairs can be made on an oil finished floor, restoring the floor to its “brand new” look. With an aluminum oxide hardwood floor, in order to return the entire floor to it’s “new” look, you have to sand and refinish
The choice, then, might seem like an easy one – if oiled floors can be spot restored more easily, then they’re the obvious way to go for a floor that’s going to look newer for a longer period of time. Not so fast. The upside of having an oiled wood floor may be appealing, but it’s important to know that oiled wood floors require a lot more regular maintenance than aluminum oxide finished wood flooring; and this “regular maintenance” begins immediately after installation.
Once your new oil finished wood flooring has been installed, it’s necessary to vacuum up any dust/dirt from the installation process and then clean the flooring with an oil refresher diluted with water using a well wrung out mop.
After the initial cleaning, you can clean your oiled floor by simply vacuuming on a regular basis. If a deeper clean is necessary (usually recommended about once a month or so), make sure to use a cleaner specifically made for oiled wood flooring. The stand out brand in the industry right now for oiled wood floor cleaning products is WOCA. WOCA makes an oil soap specifically formulated to enhance the beauty of oil finished hardwood flooring, nourishing the surface and protecting the wood against dirt and chance liquid spills.
The WOCA Soap needs to be diluted in water prior to mopping your oiled wood floor. Work with two buckets: one with the soap mix and the other with clean water for rinsing. Mop the soap mix onto your oiled floor (with as little water transfer as possible). After letting the soap sit briefly on the oiled wood floor to dissolve any dirt, make sure to clean up any dirty soap water with your wrung out mop. After cleaning, let floors dry for at least 30 minutes before walking on them.
Take note, there are two different soaps available: one for use on white colored oiled floors and a different one for other colors.
For extra protection, on a quarterly basis, an Oil Refresher can be used to clean and re-oil the surface of your oiled wood floor. This process is generally the same as with the Soap (dilute and use two buckets). Work in sections and allow the newly cleaned oil floor to dry before walking on it. For the Oil Refresher, dry time is approximately two hours. For commercial applications, the Oil Refresher can be used on a monthly basis.
Repairing Scratches or Stains
WOCA makes a Master Oil product for oil finished hardwood floors which will absorb into shallow scratches and make them virtually disappear. There are two types of Master Oil: one for natural flooring and one for stained products. Simply choose the product appropriate for your flooring.
With oiled hardwood flooring, spot stain removal is made easy. WOCA makes a Spot Remover which you just spray evenly right onto the stain. Let it sit for 10 to 20 minutes while it dissolves the stain and then just scrub the spot until the stain is removed. Finish by wiping with a damp cloth and then re-oiling the surface of the flooring. Removes blood, coffee, wine and more.
Because of the availability of spot treatments of oiled wood floors, sanding and refinishing of an aging oiled floor is pretty much unnecessary. Oil finished wood flooring will start to show wear due to habitual residential traffic patterns, though. This can be remedied by re-applying an oil to your wood flooring. This is something that is typically done every year in residential settings and twice a year in commercial settings. WOCA Maintenance Oil is recommended for this application. Again, there are two types of Maintenance Oil products: one for white colored flooring and another for all other naturals and stain colors.
For application, follow the instructions on the Maintenance Oil packaging carefully. The Maintenance Oil involves using either a polishing machine or a roller (for manual application). Working in sections, make sure to saturate the surface of the wood floor and polish it into the wood. Once the floor looks evenly coated, use cotton cloths to wipe the section. Continue from section to section until the entire wood floor surface has been covered. The Maintenance Oil takes approximately 4 to 6 hours to dry if done with a polishing machine and approximately 24 hours to dry if done manually. Proceed to walk on the newly oiled floor with caution. The entire floor should be fully hardened after 3 days.
Important Maintenance Tips for Oil Finished Wood Floors
Although the oil finish on a wood floor will bead up liquid spills and protect the wood from moisture, it’s important to wipe up spills right away. Standing water for any amount of time is not good for wood flooring, no matter the finish type.
Don’t use any cleaners or maintenance products on your oil finished wood flooring that aren’t specifically made for oil finished wood flooring. This especially refers to products featuring waxes, ammonia, vinegar, detergents or bleach. Cleaners for oil finished wood floors and aluminum oxide finished wood floors are different. Oil cleaners and maintenance products shouldn’t be used on aluminum oxide finished flooring and vice versa.
Protect the surface of your oiled wood floor with mats at doors leading to the outside, rug pads and chair glides
Never use tape or any other adhesive products on your oiled wood floor.
Always use a proper hardwood floor broom with soft bristles to sweep dust and debris off your floors.
Keep in mind that the preceding guidelines for maintenance of oil finished wood floors are just that – a guideline. Make sure to refer to your specific oiled floor manufacturer’s own maintenance instructions for the best options in your specific situation. Taking care of your oiled floor by the manufacturer’s instructions will ensure that all warranties and guarantees are protected.
Hardwood Flooring Manufacturers with Oil Finished Products
On , you will find that most of our flooring products feature a UV cured Aluminum Oxide Finish. This is the standard in the industry right now and the most popular. We do, however, have a couple manufacturers who offer a variety of oil finished floors: